Eve Marder, Ph.D.
Professor of Biology
Member, US National Academy of Sciences

Modulation of Neural Networks

B.A., Brandeis University
Ph.D., University of California, San Diego

Contact Information

 One of the fundamental problems in neuroscience is understanding how circuit function arises from the intrinsic properties of individual neurons and their synaptic connections. Of particular interest to us today is the extent to which similar circuit outputs can be generated by multiple mechanisms, both in different individual animals, or in the same animal over its life-time. As an experimental preparation we exploit the advantages of the central pattern generating circuits in the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system. Central pattern generators are groups of neurons found in vertebrate and invertebrate nervous systems responsible for the generation of specific rhythmic behaviors such as walking, swimming, and breathing. The central pattern generators in the stomatogastric ganglion (STG) of lobsters and crabs are ideal for many analyses because the STG has only about 30 large neurons, the connectivity is established, the neurons are easy to record from, and when the stomatogastric ganglion is removed from the animal, it continues to produce rhythmic motor patterns.

ModulatorsWork in the lab centers on three main questions:

  1. How do neuromodulators and neuromodulatory neurons reconfigure circuits so that the same group of neurons can produce a variety of behaviorally relevant outputs?

  2. How can networks be both stable over the lifetime of the animal despite ongoing turnover of membrane proteins such as channels and receptors? How is network stability maintained over long time periods? To what extent do similar network outputs result from different underlying mechanisms or solutions?.

  3. How variable are the sets of parameters that govern circuit function across animals? How can animals with disparate sets of circuit parameters respond reliably to perturbations such as neuromodulators and temperature?

To address these questions we employ electrophysiological, biophysical, computational, anatomical, biochemical, and molecular techniques.

Recent Publications:


Swensen, A.M., Golowasch, J., Christie, A.E., Coleman, M.J., Nusbaum, M.P., and Marder, E. (2000) GABA and GABA responses in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab, Cancer borealis. J. Exp. Biol., 203: 2075-2092.

Richards, K.S. and Marder, E. (2000) The actions of crustacean cardioactive peptide on adult and developing stomatogastric ganglion motor patterns. J. Neurobiol. 44: 31-44.

Swensen, A.M. and Marder, E. (2000) Multiple peptides converge to activate the same voltage-dependent current in a central pattern generating circuit. J. Neurosci. 20: 6752-6759.

Marder, E. (2000) Colored Chalk. Current Biol., 10: R613.

Marder, E. (2000) Models identify hidden assumptions. Nature Neurosci. 3: 1198.

Marder, E. (2000) Motor pattern generation. Curr. Opin. Neurobiol. 10: 691-698.


Nusbaum, M.P., Blitz, D.M., Swensen, A.M., Wood, D., and Marder, E. (2001) The roles of co-transmission in neural network modulation. TINS 24: 146-154.

Marder, E. (2001) Moving rhythms. Nature, 410: 755.

Soto-Treviño, C., Thoroughman, K.A., Marder, E., and Abbott, L.F. (2001) Activity-dependent modification of inhibitory synapses in models of rhythmic neural networks. Nature Neuroscience, 4: 297-303.

Swensen, A.M. and Marder, E. (2001) Modulators with convergent cellular actions elicit distinct circuit outputs. J. Neuroscience, 21: 4050-4058.

Goldman, M.S., Golowasch, J., Marder, E., and Abbott, L.F. (2001) Global structure, robustness, and modulation of neuronal models. J. Neuroscience, 21: 5229-5238.

Marder, E. and Bucher, D. (2001) Central pattern generators and the control of rhythmic movements. Current Biol., 11: R986-R996.


Li, L., Pulver, S.R., Kelley, W.P., Thirumalai, V., Sweedler, J.V., and Marder, E. (2002) Orcokinin peptides in developing and adult crustacean stomatogastric nervous systems and pericardial organs. J. Comp. Neurol., 444:227-244.

Golowasch, J., Goldman, M., Abbott, L.F, and Marder, E. (2002) Failure of averaging in the construction of conductance-based neuron models. J. Neurophysiol., 87: 11291131.

Thirumalai, V. and Marder, E. (2002) Colocalized neuropeptides activate a central pattern generator by acting on different circuit targets. J. Neuroscience, 22: 18741882.

Pulver, S.R. and Marder, E. (2002) Neuromodulatory complement of the pericardial organ in the embryonic lobster, Homarus americanus. J. Comp. Neurol., 451: 79-90.

Marder, E. (2002) Non-mammalian models for studying neural development and function. Nature, 417: 318-321.

Marder, E. and Thirumalai, V. (2002) Cellular, synaptic, and network effects of neuromodulation. Neural Networks, 15: 479-493.

Marder, E. and Prinz, A.A. (2002) Modeling stability in neuron and network function: the role of activity in homeostasis. BioEssays, 24:1145-1154.


Marder, E. and Prinz, A.A. (2003) Current Compensation in neuronal homeostasis. Neuron, 37: 2-4.

Abbott, L.F., Thoroughman, K., Prinz, A., Thirumalai, V. and Marder, E. (2003) Activity-dependent modification of intrinsic and synaptic conductances in neurons and rhythmic networks. In Van Ooyen, A., ed. Modeling Neural Development (MIT Press, Cambridge MA).

Richards, K.S., Simon, D.J., Pulver, S.R., Beltz, B.S. and Marder, E. (2003) Serotonin in the developing stomatogastric system of the lobster, Homarus americanus. J. Neurobiol. 54: 380-392.

Prinz, A.A., Thirumalai, V. and Marder, E. (2003) The functional consequences of changes in the strength and duration of synaptic inputs to oscillatory neurons. J. Neurosci. 23: 943-954.

Pulver, S.R., Thirumalai, V., Richards, K.S. and Marder, E. (2003) Dopamine and histamine in the developing stomatogastric system of the lobster, Homarus americanus. J. Comp. Neurol 462: 400-414.

Bucher, D., Thirumalai, V. and Marder, E. (2003) Axonal dopamine receptors activate peripheral spike initiation in a stomatogastric motor neuron. J. Neurosci., 23: 6866-6875.

Luther, JA, Robie AA, Yarotsky J, Reina C, Marder E, and Golowasch J. (2003) Episodic Bouts of Activity Accompany Recovery of Rhythmic Output By a Neuromodulator- and Activity-Deprived Adult Neural Network. J. Neurophysiol. 90:2720-2730.

Li, L., Kelley, W.P., Billimoria, C.P., Christie, A.E., Pulver, S.R., Sweedler, J.V., and Marder, E. (2003) Mass spectrometric investigation of the neuropeptide complement and release in the pericardial organs of the crab, Cancer borealis. J. Neurochem, 87: 642-656.

Birmingham, J.T., Billimoria, C.P., DeKlotz, T.R., Stewart, R.A. and Marder, E. (2003) Differential and history dependent modulation of a stretch receptor in the stomatogastric system of the crab, Cancer borealis. J. Neurophysiol, 90: 3608 - 3616.

Prinz, A.A., Billimoria, C.P, and Marder, E. (2003) An alternative to hand-tuning conductance-based models: construction and analysis of data bases of model neurons. J. Neurophysiol., 90:3998-4015.

Christie, A.E., Stein, W., Quinlan, J.E., Beenhakker, M., Marder, E., and Nusbaum, M.P. (2003) Actions of a histaminergic/peptidergic projection neuron on rhythmic motor patterns in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab, Cancer borealis. J. Comp. Neurol., 469:153 - 169.


Mahadevan A, Lappe J, Rhyne RT, Cruz-Bermudez ND, Marder E, Goy MF. (2004) Nitric oxide inhibits the rate and strength of cardiac contractions in the lobster Homarus americanus by acting on the cardiac ganglion. J Neurosci. 24:2813-24.

Prinz AA, Abbott LF, Marder E. (2004) The dynamic clamp comes of age. Trends Neurosci. 27:218-24.

Goaillard JM, Schulz DJ, Kilman VL, Marder E. (2004) Octopamine modulates the axons of modulatory projection neurons. J Neurosci. 24(32):7063-73.

Pulver SR, Bucher D, Simon DJ, Marder E. (2004) Constant amplitude of postsynaptic responses for single presynaptic action potentials but not bursting input during growth of an identified neuromuscular junction in the lobster, Homarus americanus. J Neurobiol. 2005 Jan;62(1):47-61.

Destexhe A, Marder E.(2004) Plasticity in single neuron and circuit computations. Nature. 431:789-95.

Prinz AA, Bucher D, Marder E. (2004) Similar network activity from disparate circuit parameters. Nat Neurosci. 7:1345-52.


Bucher D, Prinz AA, Marder E. (2005) Animal-to-animal variability in motor pattern production in adults and during growth. J Neurosci. 25:1611-9.

Marder E, Rehm KJ.(2005) Development of central pattern generating circuits. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 15:86-93.

Soto-Trevino C, Rabbah P, Marder E, Nadim F. (2005) A computational model of electrically coupled, intrinsically distinct pacemaker neurons. J Neurophysiol. 94:590-604.

Marder E, Bucher D, Schulz DJ, Taylor AL. (2005) Invertebrate central pattern generation moves along, Curr Biol. 15:R685-99.

Billimoria CP, Li L, Marder E. (2005) Profiling of neuropeptides released at the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab, Cancer borealis with mass spectrometry. J Neurochem. 95:191-9.


Thirumalai V, Prinz AA, Johnson CD, Marder E. (2006) Red pigment concentrating hormone strongly enhances the strength of the feedback to the pyloric rhythm oscillator but has little effect on pyloric rhythm period. J Neurophysiol. 95:1762-70.

Schulz DJ, Goaillard JM, Marder E. (2006) Variable channel expression in identified single and electrically coupled neurons in different animals, Nat Neurosci. 9:356-62.

Cruz-Bermudez ND, Fu Q, Kutz-Naber KK, Christie AE, Li L, Marder E. (2006) Mass spectrometric characterization and physiological actions of GAHKNYLRFamide, a novel FMRFamide-like peptide from crabs of the genus Cancer. J Neurochem. 2006 May;97:784-99.

Bucher D, Taylor AL, Marder E. (2006) Central pattern generating neurons simultaneously express fast and slow rhythmic activities in the stomatogastric ganglion. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Jun;95:3617-32.

Taylor AL, Hickey TJ, Prinz AA, Marder E. (2006) Structure and visualization of high-dimensional conductance spaces. J Neurophysiol. 2006 Aug;96:891-905.

Goaillard JM, Marder E. (2006) Dynamic clamp analyses of cardiac, endocrine, and neural function. Physiology (Bethesda). 2006 Jun; 21:197-207. Review.

Billimoria CP, DiCaprio RA, Birmingham JT, Abbott LF, Marder E. (2006) Neuromodulation of spike-timing precision in sensory neurons. J Neurosci. 2006 May 31; 26:5910-9.

Marder E, Goaillard JM. (2006) Variability, compensation and homeostasis in neuron and network function. Nat Rev Neurosci. 2006 Jul; 7:563-74. Review.


Marder E, Bucher D. (2007) Understanding circuit dynamics using the stomatogastric nervous system of lobsters and crabs. Annu Rev Physiol. 2007; 69:291-316.

Bucher D, Johnson CD, Marder E. (2007) Neuronal morphology and neuropil structure in the stomatogastric ganglion of the lobster, Homarus americanus. J Comp Neurol. 2007 Mar 10; 501:185-205.

Fu Q, Tang LS, Marder E, Li L. (2007) Mass spectrometric characterization and physiological actions of VPNDWAHFRGSWamide, a novel B type allatostatin in the crab, Cancer borealis. J Neurochem. 2007 May;101:1099-107.

Schulz DJ, Goaillard JM, Marder EE. (2007) Quantitative expression profiling of identified neurons reveals cell-specific constraints on highly variable levels of gene expression. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Aug 7;104:13187-91.

Cruz-Bermúdez ND, Marder E. (2007) Multiple modulators act on the cardiac ganglion of the crab, Cancer borealis. J Exp Biol. 2007 Aug;210(Pt 16):2873-84.

Marder E, Tobin AE, Grashow R. (2007) How tightly tuned are network parameters? Insight from computational and experimental studies in small rhythmic motor networks. Prog Brain Res. 2007;165:193-200.


Cape SS, Rehm KJ, Ma M, Marder E, Li L. (2008) Mass spectral comparison of the neuropeptide complement of the stomatogastric ganglion and brain in the adult and embryonic lobster, Homarus americanus. J Neurochem. 2008 May;105:690-702.

Rehm KJ, Taylor AL, Pulver SR, Marder E. (2008) Spectral analyses reveal the presence of adult-like activity in the embryonic stomatogastric motor patterns of the lobster, Homarus americanus. J Neurophysiol. 2008 Jun;99:3104-22.

Marder E. (2008) The roads not taken.Curr Biol. 2008 Sep 9;18:R725-R726.

Rehm KJ, Deeg KE, Marder E. (2008) Developmental regulation of neuromodulator function in the stomatogastric ganglion of the lobster, Homarus americanus. J Neurosci. 2008 Sep 24;28:9828-39.


Marder E. (2009) Electrical synapses: rectification demystified. Curr Biol. 2009 Jan 13;19:R34-5. Review.

Taylor AL, Goaillard JM, Marder E. (2009) How multiple conductances determine electrophysiological properties in a multicompartment model. J Neurosci. 2009 Apr 29;29:5573-86.

Ma M, Szabo TM, Jia C, Marder E, Li L. (2009) Mass spectrometric characterization and physiological actions of novel crustacean C-type allatostatins. Peptides. 2009 Sep;30:1660-8.

Grashow R, Brookings T, Marder E. (2009) Reliable neuromodulation from circuits with variable underlying structure. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2009 Jul 14;106:11742-6.

Tobin AE, Cruz-Bermúdez ND, Marder E, Schulz DJ. (2009) Correlations in ion channel mRNA in rhythmically active neurons. PLoS One. 2009 Aug 25;4:e6742.

Goaillard JM, Taylor AL, Schulz DJ, Marder E. (2009) Functional consequences of animal-to-animal variation in circuit parameters. Nat Neurosci. 2009 Nov;12:1424-30.


Marder E, Tang LS. Coordinating different homeostatic processes. Neuron. 2010 Apr 29;66(2):161-3.

Goaillard JM, Taylor AL, Pulver SR, Marder E. Slow and persistent postinhibitory rebound acts as an intrinsic short-term memory mechanism. J Neurosci. 2010 Mar 31;30(13):4687-92.

Marder E. Why so long? Curr Biol. 2010 May 25;20(10):R426.

Grashow R, Brookings T, Marder E. Compensation for variable intrinsic neuronal excitability by circuit-synaptic interactions. J Neurosci. 2010 Jul 7;30(27):9145-56.

Tang LS, Goeritz ML, Caplan JS, Taylor AL, Fisek M, Marder E. Precise temperature compensation of phase in a rhythmic motor pattern. PLoS Biol. 2010 Aug 31;8(8). pii: e1000469.

Marder E, Kettenmann H, Grillner S. Impacting our young. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2010 Dec 14; 107(50):21233. Epub 2010 Nov 22.


Marder E, Taylor AL. Multiple models to capture the variability in biological neurons and networks. Nat Neurosci. 2011 Feb;14(2):133-8.

Marder E. Variability, compensation, and modulation in neurons and circuits. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2011 Sep 13;108 Suppl 3:15542-8.

Kispersky T, Gutierrez GJ, Marder E. Functional connectivity in a rhythmic inhibitory circuit using Granger causality. (2011) Neural Syst Circuits 1:9.

Szabo TM, Chen R, Goeritz ML, Maloney RT, Tang LS, Li L, Marder E. Distribution and physiological effects of B-type allatostatins (myoinhibitory peptides, MIPs) in the stomatogastric nervous system of the crab Cancer borealis. (2011) J Comp Neurol. 2011 Sep 1;519(13):2658-76.


Brookings T, Grashow R, Marder E. Statistics of neuronal identification with open- and closed-loop measures of intrinsic excitability. (2012) Front Neural Circuits. 6:19.

Callaway, E.M. and Marder, E. (2012) Common Features of Diverse Circuits.  Current Opinion in Neurobiology 22: 565-567.

Marder, E. (2012) Neuromodulation of neuronal circuits: back to the future.  Neuron, 76: 1-11.  PMC3482119

Tang, L.S., Taylor, A.L., Rinberg, A., and Marder, E. (2012) Robustness of a rhythmic circuit to short and long-term temperature changes.  J. Neurosci., 32: 10075-10085.  NIHMS395465.

Kispersky, T., Caplan, J., and Marder, E. (2012) Increase in sodium conductance decreases firing rate and gain in model neurons.  J. Neurosci., 32: 10995– 10995. PMC3427781


Bargmann CI, Marder E. From the connectome to brain function. Nat Methods. 2013;10(6):483-90.

Birren SJ, Marder E. Neuroscience. Plasticity in the neurotransmitter repertoire. Science. 2013;340(6131):436-7.

Bucher D, Marder E. SnapShot: Neuromodulation. Cell. 2013;155(2):482- e1.

Gerhard F, Kispersky T, Gutierrez GJ, Marder E, Kramer M, Eden U. Successful reconstruction of a physiological circuit with known connectivity from spiking activity alone. Plos Comput Biol. 2013;9(7):e1003138. PMCID: 3708849.

Goeritz ML, Bowers MR, Slepian B, Marder E. Neuropilar projections of the anterior gastric receptor neuron in the stomatogastric ganglion of the jonah crab, cancer borealis. PLoS One. 2013;8(12):e79306. PMCID: 3848923.

Gutierrez GJ, Marder E. Rectifying electrical synapses can affect the influence of synaptic modulation on output pattern robustness. J Neurosci. 2013;33(32):13238-48. PMCID: 3735893.

Gutierrez GJ, O'Leary T, Marder E. Multiple mechanisms switch an electrically coupled, synaptically inhibited neuron between competing rhythmic oscillators. Neuron. 2013;77(5):845-58. PMCID: 3664401.

Katz P, Grillner S, Wilson R, Borst A, Greenspan R, Buzsaki G, Martin K, Marder E, Kristan W, Friedrich R, Chklovskii D. Vertebrate versus invertebrate neural circuits. Curr Biol. 2013;23(12):R504-6.

Marder E. Crossing oceans. eLife. 2013;2:e00477. PMCID: 3552426.

Marder E. Luck, jobs and learning. eLife. 2013;2:e00676. PMCID: 3628440.

Marder E. Grandmother elephants. eLife. 2013;2:e01140. PMCID: 3721233.

Marder E. The haves and the have nots. eLife. 2013;2(0):e01515. PMCID: 3832882.

O'Leary T, Williams AH, Caplan JS, Marder E. Correlations in ion channel expression emerge from homeostatic tuning rules. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2013;110(28):E2645-54. PMCID: PMC3710808.

Rinberg A, Taylor AL, Marder E. The effects of temperature on the stability of a neuronal oscillator. Plos Comput Biol. 2013;9(1):e1002857. PMCID: 3542102.

Williams AH, Calkins A, O'Leary T, Symonds R, Marder E, Dickinson PS. The neuromuscular transform of the lobster cardiac system explains the opposing effects of a neuromodulator on muscle output. J Neurosci. 2013;33(42):16565-75. PMCID: 3797375.

Williams AH, Kwiatkowski MA, Mortimer AL, Marder E, Zeeman ML, Dickinson PS. Animal-to-animal variability in the phasing of the crustacean cardiac motor pattern: an experimental and computational analysis. J Neurophysiol. 2013;109(10):2451-65. PMCID: 3653045.


Brookings T, Goeritz ML, Marder E. Automatic parameter estimation of multicompartmental neuron models via minimization of trace error with control adjustment. J Neurophysiol. 2014;112(9):2332-48. PMCID: 4274917.

Caplan JS, Williams AH, Marder E. Many parameter sets in a multicompartment model oscillator are robust to temperature perturbations. J Neurosci. 2014;34(14):4963-75. PMCID: PMC3972722.

Gutierrez GJ, Marder E. Modulation of a Single Neuron Has State-Dependent Actions on Circuit Dynamics. eNeuro. 2014;1(1). PMCID: PMC4596141.

Hamood AW, Marder E. Animal-to-Animal Variability in Neuromodulation and Circuit Function. Cold Spring Harb Symp Quant Biol. 2014;79:21-8. PMCID: PMC4610821.

Kispersky TJ, O'Leary T, Marder E. Understanding Robustness to Variability in the Nervous System Using Computational Models. In: Gazzaniga MS, Mangun GR, editors. The Cognitive Neurosciences, Fifth Edition. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press; 2014. p. 949-58.

Marder E. In numbers we trust? eLife. 2014;3:e02791. PMCID: 3970754.

Marder E. Looking out for future scientists. eLife. 2014;3:e04901. PMCID: PMC4185419.

Marder E. Bars and medals. eLife. 2014;4.

Marder E, Goeritz ML, Otopalik AG. Robust circuit rhythms in small circuits arise from variable circuit components and mechanisms. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2014;31C:156-63.

Marder E, O'Leary T, Shruti S. Neuromodulation of circuits with variable parameters: single neurons and small circuits reveal principles of state-dependent and robust neuromodulation. Annu Rev Neurosci. 2014;37:329-46.

O'Leary T, Williams AH, Franci A, Marder E. Cell types, network homeostasis, and pathological compensation from a biologically plausible ion channel expression model. Neuron. 2014;82(4):809-21. PMCID: 4109293.

Shruti S, Schulz DJ, Lett KM, Marder E. Electrical coupling and innexin expression in the stomatogastric ganglion of the crab Cancer borealis. J Neurophysiol. 2014;112(11):2946-58. PMCID: 4254872.

Soofi W, Goeritz ML, Kispersky TJ, Prinz AA, Marder E, Stein W. Phase maintenance in a rhythmic motor pattern during temperature changes in vivo. J Neurophysiol. 2014;111(12):2603-13. PMCID: 4044431.


Drion G, O'Leary T, Marder E. Ion channel degeneracy enables robust and tunable neuronal firing rates. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015;112(38):E5361-70. PMCID: PMC4586887.

Hamood AW, Haddad SA, Otopalik AG, Rosenbaum P, Marder E. Quantitative Reevaluation of the Effects of Short- and Long-Term Removal of Descending Modulatory Inputs on the Pyloric Rhythm of the Crab. eNeuro. 2015;2(1). PMCID: PMC4408878.

Hamood AW, Marder E. Consequences of acute and long-term removal of neuromodulatory input on the episodic gastric rhythm of the crab Cancer borealis. J Neurophysiol. 2015;114(3):1677-92. PMCID: PMC4567610.

Jorgenson LA, Newsome WT, Anderson DJ, Bargmann CI, Brown EN, Deisseroth K, Donoghue JP, Hudson KL, Ling GS, MacLeish PR, Marder E, Normann RA, Sanes JR, Schnitzer MJ, Sejnowski TJ, Tank DW, Tsien RY, Ugurbil K, Wingfield JC. The BRAIN Initiative: developing technology to catalyse neuroscience discovery. Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci. 2015;370(1668). PMCID: 4387507.

Malhotra V, Marder E. The pleasure of publishing. eLife. 2015;4.

Marder E. Lost voices. eLife. 2015;4. PMCID: 4394350.

Marder E. Understanding brains: details, intuition, and big data. PLoS Biol. 2015;13(5):e1002147.

Marder E. Owning your mistakes. eLife. 2015;4. PMCID: PMC4612774.

Marder E, Haddad SA, Goeritz ML, Rosenbaum P, Kispersky T. How can motor systems retain performance over a wide temperature range? Lessons from the crustacean stomatogastric nervous system. J Comp Physiol A Neuroethol Sens Neural Behav Physiol. 2015;201(9):851-6. PMCID: PMC4552768.

O'Leary T, Sutton AC, Marder E. Computational models in the age of large datasets. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2015;32:87-94. PMCID: PMC4517826.


Gjorgjieva J, Drion G, Marder E. Computational implications of biophysical diversity and multiple timescales in neurons and synapses for circuit performance. Curr Opin Neurobiol. 2016;37:44-52.

Clandinin, T. R. and E. Marder (2016). "Editorial overview: Microcircuit evolution and computation 2016." Curr Opin Neurobiol 41: 188-190.

Marder, E. (2016). "The rites of spring, Take 2." eLife. 2016; 5: e16846.

Marder, E., G. J. Gutierrez and M. P. Nusbaum (2016). "Complicating connectomes: Electrical coupling creates parallel pathways and degenerate circuit mechanisms." Dev Neurobiol. 2016 Jun 17.

Northcutt, A. J., K. M. Lett, V. B. Garcia, C. M. Diester, B. J. Lane, E. Marder and D. J. Schulz (2016). "Deep sequencing of transcriptomes from the nervous systems of two decapod crustaceans to characterize genes important for neural circuit function and modulation." BMC Genomics 17(1): 868.

O'Leary, T. and E. Marder (2016). "Temperature-Robust Neural Function from Activity-Dependent Ion Channel Regulation." Curr Biol 26(21): 2935-2941.


Otopalik, A. G., M. L. Goeritz, A. C. Sutton, T. Brookings, C. Guerini and E. Marder (2017). "Sloppy morphological tuning in identified neurons of the crustacean stomatogastric ganglion." Elife. 2017; 6: e22352.

Otopalik, A. G., A. C. Sutton, M. Banghart and E. Marder (2017). "When complex neuronal structures may not matter." Elife. 2017; 6: e23508.

Last reviewed: March 29, 2017. E-mail comments or questions to the webmaster.


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