Common (Broadleaf) Cattail
Typha latifolia
Family: Typhaceae

Habitat:

Marshes, ponds, shallow water

Location relative to water:

Rooted underwater, emergent body

Range:

From Alaska to Newfoundland and in the southernmost States

Leaves:

  • 1.0-2.5 m long (3.3-8.2 ft), 1.3-2.5 cm wide (0.5-1.0 inches)

Flowers:

  • Both male and female flowers appear on same stem male above, female below usually separated by 0.3-0.4 cm (0.1-0.2 inches) or not at all
  • Early in season male flowers soft and yellowish; female flowers firm and green or brown
  • Late in season, male flowers fall and leave gray, roughish section of stem; female flowers become thick spike of many closely-packed, hair-enclosed seeds
 
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