Eastern Black Oak

Quercus velutina

Black Oak: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Fagaceae

  • Medium-sized to large tree

  • Open, spreading crown

  • Height ranges from 15-24m (50-80’)

Photo by Jason Biggerstaff

Leaves
Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Bark
Distribution and Uses

Leaves

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Black Oak: Leaves - Click for larger image
Black Oak: Buds - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

  • Hairless and angled twigs

  • Densely hairy, grey, pointed, sharply angled end buds of length 0.6-1.2cm (1/4-1/2”)

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Black Oak: Acorns - Click for larger image
  • Acorns elliptical in shape; 15-19mm (5/8-3/4”) in length

  • Acorns have bowl-shaped caps (cover half the nut)

  • Caps are finely grey-hairy; have rough edges made up of fringe-like scales

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Bark

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers dry soils

  • Distribution extends east of Texas, excluding Florida and Maine

  • Bark used to be a source of tannin, medicine, and yellow dye

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Black Oak: Bark - Click for larger image