Black Walnut

Juglans nigra

Black Walnut: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Juglandaceae

  • Large-sized tree

  • Rounded crown

  • Reaches height between 21-27m (70-90’)

All photos by Jason Biggerstaff

Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Distribution and Uses



Black Walnut: Leaves - Click for larger image
Black Walnut: Fruit - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures



  • Dark brown with deep grooves

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers fertile, well-drained soils such as near streams

  • Distribution is widespread through most of eastern United States (excluding northern border)

  • Much desired, sometimes stolen, hardwood tree; wood used for furniture, veneer, and gunstocks

  • Bark used for tanning; nut husks used for dark-colored dye

  • Sweet nuts eaten by squirrels, mice, humans; twigs eaten by deer
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Black Walnut: Bark - Click for larger image