European Linden

Tilia xeuropaea

European Linden: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Tiliaceae

  • Large-sized tree

  • Pyramid-shaped crown

  • Reaches height around 21m (70’)

  • Hybrid tree of Littleleaf Linden (Tilia cordata) and Bigleaf Linden (Tilia platphyllos)

Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Distribution and Uses


  • Heart-shaped or rounded; 5-10cm (2-4”) in length

  • Saw-toothed with long-pointed tip

  • Uneven bases with long leafstalks

  • Dark green from above; paler with tufts of hair at midvein angles below


European Linden: Leaves - Click for larger image
European Linden: Buds - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

  • Brown, thin, hairless twigs

  • Fragrant, clustered flowers with 5 light yellow petals hanging from leafy bract

  • Round, grey, hard, finely hairy nut 6mm (¼”) in diameter



  • Grey and smooth, turning into scaly ridges

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers moist soils in humid regions

  • Distributed across much of the United States, particularly in the Northeast and Northwest

  • Planted for shade; flowers provide source for honey


European Linden: Bark - Click for larger image