Horsechestnut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Horsechestnut: Full Tree - Click for larger image

All photos by Jason Biggerstaff

Leaves
Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Bark
Distribution and Uses

Leaves

Top

Horsechestnut: Leaves - Click for larger image
Horsechestnut: Fruit - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

  • Light brown, hairless, sturdy twigs (click here to see image of twig)

  • Long, sticky, black end buds; white pith

  • Prickly, brown fruit husks 5-6 cm (2-2½”) in diameter; 1-2 shiny brown, poisonous seeds inside husk (click here to see fruit)

  • Clustered, bell-shaped, upright white flowers with 4-5 narrow, white petals

Top

Bark

  • Smooth, thin, grey or brown, becoming scaly

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers rich, moist soils

  • Native to Europe; planted across much of United States

  • Turks supposedly used seeds to make medication for their horses with a cough

  • Planted for shade and ornamentation

Top

Horsechestnut: Bark - Click for larger image