Pignut Hickory

Carya glabra

Pignut Hickory: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Juglandaceae

  • Medium-sized tree

  • Irregular, spreading crown

  • Reaches 18-24m (60-80') in height

Leaves
Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Bark
Distribution and Uses

Leaves

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Pignut Hickory: Leaf - Click for larger image
Pignut Hickory: Fruit - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

  • Thin, hairless, red-brown twigs

  • Buds with overlapping scales; when scales fall off in autumn, buds are silky-hairy

  • Small, greenish flowers; males with clusters of 3 thin, drooping catkins

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Pignut Hickory: Nut - Click here for larger image
  • Rounded, hard-shelled nuts; 4-parted, thin, brown nut husks that split to middle of nut

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Bark

  • Light grey with smooth ridges that may become furrowed

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers dry and moist uplands; hardwood forests with like trees and oaks

  • Distribution includes Arkansas through Louisiana east to Florida, New Hampshire, and Ontario

  • In colonial times, wood was used for wagon wheels and brooms; pigs used to eat nuts, hence the tree name

  • Today, wood is used for tool handles and skis

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Pignut Hickory: Bark - Click for larger image