Scarlet Oak

Quercus coccinea

Scarlet Oak: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Fagaceae

  • Medium- to large-sized tree

  • Rounded, open crown

  • Reaches 18-24m (60-80’)

Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Distribution and Uses


  • Elliptical; 7-18cm (3-7”) in length

  • Deeply lobed (typically 7 lobes);  bristle-tipped teeth

  • Round, wide sinuses between lobes; frequently larger than semi-circle

  • Glossy green from above; pale, somewhat shiny yellow-green from below

  • Tufts of hair (or hairless) at midvein


Scarlet Oak: Leaf - Click for larger image
Scarlet Oak: Buds - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

  • Hairless, long, thin twigs

  • End buds frequently with whitish tip; can be blunt or sharp with shaggy hair


Scarlet Oak: Acorns - Click for larger image



  • Dark grey, smooth; turning black and rough with furrowed, scaly ridges

  • Reddish inner bark

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers variety of soils such as dry and sandy

  • Inhabits most of Eastern United States from Georgia to Maine

  • Planted for shade and lumber


Scarlet Oak: Bark - Click for larger image