Yellow Birch

Betula alleghaniensis

Yellow Birch: Full Tree - Click for larger image
  • Family: Betulaceae

  • Large-sized tree

  • Rounded crown

  • Reaches height between 21-30m ( 70-100’)

Photo by Dan Perlman

Leaves
Twigs & Fruiting Structures
Bark
Distribution and Uses

Leaves

Photo by Dan Perlman

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Yellow Birch: Leaves - Click for larger image
Yellow Birch: Male Catkins - Click for larger image

Twigs & Fruiting Structures

Photo by Jason Biggerstaff

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Bark

  • Shiny yellow or silver-grey bark with narrow horizontal lines, peeling into curly strips

  • Bark highly varied from tree to tree

Distribution & Uses

  • Prefers cool, moist areas, such as mountain ravines

  • Distribution includes Manitoba, Newfoundland, extreme Northeastern United States, and the Northern Midwestern States

  • Wintergreen oil produced in sap and leaves

  • Eaten by variety of wildlife such as moose, whitetail deer, red squirrels, and cottontail rabbits

Yellow Birch: Bark - Click for larger image
Yellow Birch: Bark - Click here for larger image