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Taraxacum officionale

Common Dandelion

Family Asteraceae


Use
Salad, cooked green, cooked vegetable, fritter, coffee. Young leaves
can be eaten raw in salad or boiled. Young flower buds can be boiled
and served with butter. Flowers can be used for fritters. Baked and
ground roots can be steeped to make a coffee-like drink.


Description

Growth Form: Herbaceous plant, prostrate rosette.

Leaves: Usually 5-20cm (2-8in) long with irregular pointed lobes and deep sinuses. Young leaves tend to be oval-shaped, and do not usually have deep sinuses.

Flower and leaves (Hannah Ramer. Brandeis University, Waltham, MA)
Flower and leaves

Leaves and old stem (Hannah Ramer. Waltham, MA)
Leaves, stems, and flowerbuds

Flowers: Solitary, yellow, composite at end of stalk.

Fruits: Clustered into whitish, downy seed balls.

Stem: Hollow and milky, 5-15cm (2-6in) tall.

Habitat and Range

Disturbed areas, lawns, and roadsides throughout the United States.

Season

Harvest the leaves and buds in early spring, the flowers in spring and early summer, and the roots in fall and early spring.

Fun Facts

Leaves are rich in vitamin A.

Close-up of flower (Hannah Ramer. Brandeis University, Waltham, MA)
Fruits

See a recipe for Dandelion Coffee!

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