Vocabulary


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Vocabulary

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Leaf Vocabulary:

-Alternate Leaves: Leaves that grow on one side of the branch or stem at one point and the next leaf grows on the other side of the branch/stem further up the plant.

-Bundles: On trees that have needles for leaves, it is possible that they grow in groups that grow out of the same location on the branch or twig.

-Compound Leaves: A leaf composed of many leaflets.

-Creeping runners: Vine-like structures that spread across the ground. Leaves and seeds often grow on the runners so the plant can disperse its seeds over more distance.

-Leaflet: A leaf-like structure that does not have a bud at the end of its stem. A leaflet is part of a Compound Leaf.

-Lobes: Like an earlobe! Round extensions on a leaf (Ex. an oak leaf.)

-Needle: A leaf that is thinner than the typical leaf. It looks much like a sewing needle shape because it is also pointy at the tip.

-Opposite Leaves: Two leaves growing at the same height on the branch or stem across from each other.

-Ovate: mostly oval and broader at the base.

-Simple Leaves: A single leaf-structure forms one leaf.

-Toothed: Describes a leaf which has an edge with sharp cuts.

-Untoothed: A leaf which has a smooth edge and no sharp bumps.


Other Vocabulary

-Stalk: A stem or main support of a smaller plant. (Ex. Flower)

-Legume: A pod that holds the fruit of a plant in the Pea Family.

-Scaly plates: Shredding look. In reference to bark that looks like it is peeling off in plate-like pieces.

-Tendrils: Skinny extensions from a vine that are curly. Can be split or not, and can have disc-like parts at their ends. The tendrils are typically the same color as the vine.

-Leaf axils: Definition from Dictionary.com: "The upper angle between a lateral organ, su ch as a leafstalk, and the stem that bears it."

-Acorn: The fruit of an Oak tree, and only Oak trees. An acorn is a nut that has a little cap-looking structure on the top.

-Cone: A fruit of the Conifer Family. A cone has scale-looking structures that grow in 'levels' of circles up and down the almost cylindrical shape. The cone hold the tree's seed.