Salticidae
Jumping Spiders

Diagnostic Features:

This family is characterized by eight eyes typically in three rows (4-2-2) with extremely enlarged anterior median eyes (AME). In addition the face is normally truncate.

 

Family Distribution:

This is the largest family of spiders with more than 5000 species and 500 genera in the world.

 

Interesting Natural History Notes:

These spiders stalk their prey and use only a anchor line for capturing prey. They create silken shelters in wood debris and in leaves during the night when they are resting but create no true web. Salticids have the best vision of all arachnids, are able to see in a complete circle around themselves at any given time and are able to change their eye color.

 

Origin of Latin Name:

Related to the Latin verb salto, which is to dance.

 

Genera found in the Northeastern United States:

Synemosyna, Sarinda, Peckhamia, Syngeles, Thiodina, Admestina, Salticus, Marpissa, Agassa, Attidops, Sitticus, Chalcoscirtus, Naphrys, Chinattus, Evarcha, Habronattus, Pellenes, Sassacus, Neon, Talavera, Zygoballus, Phidippus, Paraphidippus, Eris, Tutelina, Hentzia, Metacyrba, Platycryptus, Phlegra, Euophrys, Ghelna, Pelegrina