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American Elm (Ulmus americana)  
Family: Ulmaceae  
  Elm Full Tree  

Location:

  • Found in moist soils and in mixed hardwood forests

Characteristics:

  • deciduous tree
  • When growing in the open, trunk divides into large limbs near ground creating a broad, vase shaped form.
  • Height: 30 m (100 ft)

Uses:

   

Leaves:

  • 7.5-15 cm (3-6 in) long, 2.5-7.6 cm wide (1-3 in)
  • alternate, elliptical in shape, toothed edges
  • slightly rough and sand-papery on top of leaf, slightly hairy beneath
  • short petiole, leaf shape unequal at base

 

  Elm Leaf  
  Elm bark            
     

Bark:

  • light gray in color
  • contains deeply furrowed, scaly, anastomosing ridges

 

 

Buds:

  • Buds reddish and hairy
  • Light brown bud scales have dark edges
 
Elm bud

Notes:

  • Dutch Elm disease, a fungus introduced around 1930, is spread by elm bark beetles, and has affected most American Elms. Few trees grow old enough to demonstrate characteristic vase-shaped silhouette.
 
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