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Common Juniper (Juniperus communis )    
Family: Cupressaceae      
                 
  Common Juniper

Location:

  • Rocky slopes of coniferous forests

Characteristics:

  • Evergreen shrub
  • Clusters in broad groups, spreads low
  • Rarely as small tree with open crown

Uses:

 
 

 

 

Leaves:

  • 10-12 mm (3/8 1/2 in) long
  • Stiff, very sharp pointed
  • Whitish above, yellow-green beneath
  • Spreads at right angles
         
     
       

 

Bark:

  • Reddish-brown to gray
  • rough, scaly, and shreddy

Cones:

  • Berrylike, whitish-blue
  • Hard, mealy, sweetish and resinous
  • Aromatic, with 1-3 seeds
 
  Common Juniper berries  
 

 

Notes:

Common Juniper berries are used to make the alcoholic drink gin, giving it its distinct aroma.

 
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