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Flowering Dogwood (Cornus florida )    
  Family: Cornaceae      
                         
  Dogwood  

Location:

  • Moist soils
  • Found in openings and borders of forests

Characteristics:

  • Deciduous tree
  • Small tree with a short trunk and spreading branches'
  • Height: 9 m (30 ft)

Location:

  • Moist or dry soils
  • Found usually in understory of hardwood forests, or fields and roadsides

Uses:

  • Bark used as a poultice for sores
  • Twigs chewed to clean teeth

 

 
 

 

Leaves:

  • Opposite leaves, elliptical shape, slightly wavy edges
  • 6-13 cm (2-5 in) long, 4-6 cm (1-3 in) wide
  • Nearly hairless above, fine hair beneath
         
    Dogwood leaves  
               

 

 

Bark:

  • reddish-brown
  • aromatic scent
  • rough, with small squarish plates

Fruit:

  • Shiny red, elliptical, berry like
  • 10-15 mm (3/8 5/8 in) long, clustered at end of stalk
  • each berry contains 1-2 seeds

 

 
           
 

 

Notes:

Native Americans extracted a red dye from the flowering dogwood roots, and used the bark and roots as a malaria remedy.

 

         
    Dogwood berries  
                       
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