Jewelweed Goldenrod Dogwood    
   
Home Search Glossary Help
 
Eastern Hemlock (Tsuga canadensis )    
Family: Pinaceae      
                             
      Eastern Hemlock

Location:

  • acidic soils
  • Found in moist cool valleys, ravines, rock outcrops

Characteristics:

  • Coniferous tree
  • Height: 18-21m (60-70 feet)
  • Conical shape, branches droop down

Uses:

  • Needle-covered boughs used as waterproof roof on lean-to shelter
 
   

 

Leaves:

  • Flat, flexible needles in two rows
  • Dark green above, striped with white bands underneat

 

           
      Eastern Hemlock leaves  
               

 

Bark:

  • thick, deeply furrowed
  • broad, scaly ridges
  • orangey-brown color

Seeds/Cones:

  • Long, elliptical cones hanging down at ends of twigs
  • brown, rounded cone scales

 

 
    Eastern Hemlock bark      
 

 

Notes:

Declining populations in Northeast from aphid-like pest Wooly Adelgid (Adelges tsugase)

 

       
  Eastern Hemlock leaves  
                         
            TOP              
Home Search Glossary Help