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Indian Pipe (Monotropa uniflora)    
Family: Monotropaceae      
                 
  Indian Pipe

Location:

  • Shady, moist areas
  • Requires rich soil, decaying plant matter

Characteristics:

  • a saprophytic perennial herb
  • White color (has no chlorophyll), turns black when it matures

Uses:

 
 

 

Leaves:

  • Few small, scale-like, white leaves

Fruiting Structures:

  • Drooping flowers when white, upright when black to eject seeds

 

       
  Indian Pipe  
         

 

Notes:

  • Because it has no chlorophyll, Indian Pipe obtains energy by parasitically tapping into the mycelia of a mycorrhizal fungus, which has a symbiotic relationship with a tree. 

 

 
  Indian Pipe Dead  
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