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Pine (Pinus spp)    
Family: Pinaceae      
                   
  Red Pine

Location:

  • Dry, sandy soils

Characteristics:

  • Cone-bearing evergreen tree
  • Branches whorled around trunk, add new whorl each year
  • Height: Red 21-24 m (70-80 feet); White 33 m (100 feet)

Uses:

  • many parts useful with fires – resin for starting fire, dried wood for bow drill, needles as tinder in poor weather
  • durable, lightweight wood used in raft building
  • dense boughs of needles for roof covering of outdoor shelter
  • twig can be used as toothbrush

 

 
 

 

Leaves:

  • Needles in clusters, bound at base
  • Occur in groups of two (eg: Red Pine, Pinus Resinosa) to five (eg:White Pine, Pinus strobus)
  • Red Pine needles break crisply when bent

 

 

         
  Red Pine Leaf  
         

 

Bark:

  • Dark and furrowed in White Pine
  • Rectangular plates, lighter, reddish tinge in Red Pine

 

 

 
  Red Pine Bark  
 

 

 

Seeds/Cones:

  • cones specific to species
  •  seeds occur in pairs between scales
  • Long, tapering, slender cones in White Pine
  • Short, rounded cones in Red Pine
         
    Pine cone  
             
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