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Witch Hazel (Hamamelis virginiana)    
Family: Hamamelidaceae      
                   
  Witch Hazel  

Characteristics:

  • Shrub or small tree
  • Height: 6-9 m (20-30 ft)
  • crown open and broad

Location:

  • moist soils
  • Found in understory of hardwood forests

Uses:

  • Wood used for quick-cooking fire
  • Twigs can be made into toothbrush
  • Extract from leaves, bark and twigs used as a mild astringent
 
 

 

Leaves:

  • 8-13 cm (3-5 in) long, 5-8 cm (2-3 in) wide
  • Broad, elliptical shape with wavy teeth
  • Hairy when young

 

         
    Witch Hazel leaves  
         

 

Bark:

  • Smooth or scaly
  • Light brown

Flowering Parts :

  • Flowers autumn-winter
  • 2.5 cm (1 in) wide
  • 4 bright yellow thread-like petals
  • Along leafless twigs

 

 
  Witch Hazel bark    
 

 

Notes:

There is a myth that a forked branch from a Witch-hazel can be used to find underground water source.

 

 

         
    Witch Hazel flowers  
             
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