Eastern Hemlock
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Eastern Hemlock
Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga canadensis

Found: on hilly terrain in rocky woods

Height: 15-27 meters (50-90 feet) tall

Leaves: flat evergreen needles that are approximately 1.25 cm (1/2 inch) long. They are bright green above and have silvery-white lines beneath.

Fruit: the hemlock has inch-long, drooping cones.

Uses: the eastern hemlock contains tannins as well as Vitamin C. The bark is very astringent. It has been used as a poultice to stop bleeding and to tan leathers. A derivative of the bark, oleoresin, is a dark, reddish-brown and has a turpentine-like odor.

Top view of hemlock needles