Fall Wildflowers of New England
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Chicory
Chichorium intybus
F. Asteraceae
General Description:

Chicory measures approximately 30-130 cm. in height, and has a brilliant bluish-purple (sometimes pink or white), radially symmetrical bloom. Flowers are singularly arranged along the length of a fibrous and rigid, dark-green stem. This wildflower has two types of leaves: large-dandelion-shaped leaves near the base of the stem and small lanceolate-to-oblong-shaped leaves along the length of the stem.

Chichorium intybus
Flowers:

Chicory flowers are approximately 4 cm. in width and are usually a brilliant bluish-purple color (sometimes white or pink). The bristle-tipped, prominently-veined petals of this radially symmetrical bloom are arranged in a two layer fashion and surrounda central cluster of fused, dark-blue anthers. The flowers are stemless and are arranged in a singular fashion along the length of the stem.

Fruit:

Leaves:

This wildflower has two distinct types of leaves. Around the base of the stem, the dandelion-like leaves are large, measuring approximately 7.5-15 cm. in length. Along the stem, the lanceolate-to-oblong-shaped leaves are considerably smaller.

Habitat:

Chicory grows best in open field, along roadsides, and around waste areas.

Fun Facts:

The beauty of the Chicory flower is transient. Only a few flower heads open at a time per plant; each bloom lasts for only one day!

Coffee enthusiasts know chicory as a common additive in their daily cup o'joe. Chicory root is often roasted and ground along with coffee beans to give a delicious and distinctive brew.

Chichorium intybus
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