Fall Wildflowers of New England
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Rugosa Rose
Rosa rugosa
F. Rosaceae
Rosa rugosa
General Description:

Rugosa rose is a tall wildflower, measuring 1.2-1.8 m. in height. It is most easily identified by its large, magenta, radially symmetrical flowers and pinnately-compound leaves. The flowers are arranged singularly atop the terminal shoots of very prickly, hairy, robust stems.

Flowers:

The magnificent flowers of rugosa rose are quite large, measuring 5-7.5 cm. in width. Each radially symmetrical bloom has a bright yellow center comprised of numerous stamens and pistils, surrounded by five broad, rounded, wrinkly-edged, magenta petals and supported by five green sepals.

Fruit:

The rose hip fruit is brick red and is capped by long, persistent sepals

Leaves:

The compound leaves are long, measuring approximately 7.5-15 cm. in length, and have lanceolate, dark green leaflets with toothed and wrinkled margins.

Habitat:

Rugosa rose grows best in seashore thickets, on sand dunes, and along roadsides.

Fun Facts:

Like most members of the rose family, rugosa rose is a dangerous plant. It's sharp and densely arranged thorns and spines provide a successful defense that can easily puncture the skin.

Rugosa rose originated from Asia.

This robust wildflower is often used to stabilize sand dunes and protect against shoreline depletion.

Other names attributed to the rugosa rose include the wrinkled rose because of it's wrinkled petal and leaflet margins.

Rosa rugosa
Rosa rugosa
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