Fall Wildflowers of New England
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Winterberry
Ilex verticillata
F. Aquifoliaceae
Ilex verticillata's clustered red berries and elliptical toothed leaves.
General Description:

Winterberry is a deciduous shrub that measures 90-300 cm. in height. Winterberry is most easily identified by its bright red berries, arranged in tight clusters along the length of the smooth, robust stems. The delicate, radially symmetrical, white flowers of winterberry are arranged in small clusters at the leaf axils. The leaves are long and elliptical with inconspicuously-toothed margins.

Flowers:

The white, radially symmetrical flowers are small and are arranged in small clusters, measuring 6-13 cm. in width, at the leaf axils. The blooms have a green, spherical center, surrounded by four-to-eight white stamens, a shallow, fused corolla that opens into approximately eight rounded petal lobes, and delicate green sepals.

Fruit:

The berry-like fruit is round and bright red. Berries are arranged in tight rounded clusters at the leaf axils along the length of the stem.

Leaves:

The rich green leaves measure approximately 5 cm. in length and are elliptical with pointed tips, brownish petioles, and small-toothed margins.

Habitat:

Winterberry grows best in swamps, damp or dry thickets, and around pondsides

Fun Facts:

Winterberry is an evergreen whose bright, showy berries make it a popular component of ornamental autumn and winter displays.

Winterberry berries are a popular food source for birds.

Other names attributed to winterberry include black alder.

Ilex verticillata's smooth branching stem.
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