Eastern Hemlock

Tsuga candensis

Family Pinaceae


Notable Features
Leaves: Smooth, underside-whitened needles grow up to 1½ inches (1¼ centimeters) in length and are arranged in flattened sprays on either side of the branch. Attached to twigs by a short, smooth stem.
Twigs: The twigs remain somewhat rough if the needles are removed.
Bark: Bark of both young and mature trees a dark gray-brown; very rough surface.
Cones: Small, scaled cones dangle from the tips and ends of the branches, not exceeding 1 inch (2½ centimeters) in length; appear in autumn.
Size/Shape: A tall evergreen* tree reaching heights of 60 to 80 feet (18-24 meters), with a loose and feathery outline. Topmost branches droop downwards markedly.

Location on Campus

(click for map)

Throughout Sachar Woods, and on the path going behind Sherman Function Hall.

Uses
The young needles can be used to make an excellent and nutritious tea, high in vitamin C. The inner bark can be collected, dried, ground, and mixed with flour to extend supplies in times of emergency or need.

Except where specifically noted, all text, photographs, and drawings copyright Chris Bersbach and Lisa Leombruni 2002. No part of this page may be reproduced without the express permission of the authors.