Genus and species: Cornus florida
Leaves: The leaves are 2.5-5" (6-13cm) long and 1.5-2.5" (4-6cm) wide. (View Measured Leaf) They are opposite, elliptical, with wavy edges. The stalks are very short and the leaves are green above, pale green beneath and have fine hairs underneath. (View Leaves)
Bark: The bark is brown with a red tint and rough. When broken, it separates into squarish plates. (View Bark) The twigs are reddish and hairless.
Fruit: The fruit is 3/8-5/8" (10-15mm) long, shiny red, long, elliptical berries, often present in groups at the end of the stalk. (View Fruit)
Tree: It is a small tree, only reaching 30' (9m) in height. It is a flowering tree with spreading branches and a short trunk, as pictured to the left.
Range and Habitat: Located from Ontario east to Maine, south to Florida, west to Texas and north to Michigan. It is very tolerant as it can flourish in moist or dry, and warm or cold conditions.
Flowering Dogwood Tree (Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 9/30/02)