|Family: Fagaceae (View Members of Fagaceae)
Genus and species: Quercus coccinea
Leaves: The leaves are 3-7" (7.5-18cm) long and 2-5" (5-13cm) wide. (View Measured Leaf) Since they fall under the lobed leaves category, they usually contain seven lobes that are each bristle-tipped at the end. However, the lobes are almost not as deep as the Pin Oak, but deeper than the Black Oak. They form round sinuses. The leaves are shiny green on top, paler beneath with tufts of hair in along the midvein.(View Leaves)
Bark: The bark is relatively dark gray and smooth on younger trees. On more mature trees, it becomes blackish and rough with scaly ridges. Like a Red Oak, it has a reddish bark underneath this outer thick layer. (View Bark)
Fruit: Since this is an oak, it has acorns as the fruit of the tree. They are larger than those of the Black Oak and usually smaller than those of the Red Oak and are 0.5- 1" (12mm-24mm) in length. They are egg-shaped, have 2-4 light brown rings, and have a pointed tip at the bottom (opposite the cap). The cap is thick, top-shaped, and covers about 1/2 of the fruit.(View Fruit)
Tree: The tree can grow to be 60-80' (18-24m) tall, with a rounded crown, as pictured to the left.
Range and Habitat: These trees can be found from Maine, south to Georgia, west to Mississippi and north to Indiana. They are most commonly found in sandy soils, but can grow in most types of areas.
Scarlet Oak Tree (Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 9/29/02)