Eastern Cottonwood
Family: Salicaceae (View Members of Salicaceae)

Genus and species: Populus deltoides

Leaves: The leaves are about 3-7" (7.5-18cm) long and 3-5" (7.5-13cm) wide. (View Measured Leaf) They are triangular in shape, have a long pointed tip and are straight at the base. They have curved coarse teeth that are not quite as wide as those of the Bigtooth Aspen. They have flattened stalks, like those of a Quaking Aspen. They are shiny green on top, paler and hairless beneath.(View Leaves)

Bark: The bark is grayish, smooth towards the top and brown, rough and furrowed towards the bottom. (View Bark) The twigs are brown, short and have large, sticky buds.

Fruit: The fruit is 3/8" (10mm) long, brown, elliptical capsules. During spring, they split into cottony seeds.

Tree: This tree grows to be 100' (30m) tall, and has a large trunk and a round crown of spreading branches, as pictured to the left.

Range and Habitat: These trees are commonly found from Ontario east to New Hampshire, south to Florida, west to Texas and north to Montana. They are usually found in wet soils, usually along streams.

Eastern Cottonwood Tree (Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 10/5/02)
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