American Elm
Family: Ulmaceae

Genus and species: Ulmus americana

Leaves: The leaves are 3-6" (7.5-15cm) long and 1-3" (2.5-7.5cm) wide.(View Measured Leaf) They are elliptical, long-pointed with a rounded base. The sides are unequal and the leaves are doubly saw-toothed, with many straight parallel veins. They are dark green and rough above, paler beneath with soft hairs. (View Leaves)

Bark: The bark is gray, furrowed with scaly plates. (View Bark) The twigs are brown, and hairless.

Fruit: The fruit is 1/2" (12mm) long, elliptical flat 1-seeded keys. Each has a wing that is hairy along the edges.

Tree: The tree grows to be 100' (24m) tall, has a flattened, spreading crown, and has many spreading branches that droop at the ends, as pictured to the left.

Range and Habitat: These trees are found from Saskatchewan east to Cape Breton Island, south to central Florida and west to Texas. They are usually grow in moist soils.

American Elm Tree (Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, 9/30/02)
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