Common Cattail
Typha latifolia

Common Cattail- Click for Full Image

Family:
Typhaceae

Description:
1.2-2.4 meter (4-8 ft) tall perennial stalk. Often grows near water in thick stands. Leaves are large spear-shaped. Stalks are topped with hotdog-shaped, dark brown flowers. Flowers present May through July.

Location:
Grows near marshes and ponds. Ranges from Southern Canada throughout the United States.

Uses and Parts Used:

Root:
Pounded roots used as a poultice for burns and sores.

Seed down:
Fuzz from flowers also used to treat burns and sores and to prevent chafing in babies. Young flowers can be ingested for diarrhea.

Notes:
Though flowers and shoots are edible for humans, Cattail may be poisonous to grazing animals.

Common Cattail- Click for Full Image
Common Cattail- Click for Full Image