Eastern Hemlock
Tsuga canadensis

Eastern Hemlock- Click for Full Image

Family
Pinaceae

Description
15.2-27.4 meter (50-90ft) evergreen tree. Needles are flat and short on slender stalks. Needles are green on top, white beneath. Cones are small and drooping with rounded scales.

Location
Found on hills and in rocky forests. Ranges from Nova Scotia to Maryland and into the Midwest.

Uses and Parts Used

Leaves
Twigs with many needles used in tea to treat kidney ailments. Steam from tea used to treat rheumatism, colds, and coughs.

Bark
Used in tea to treat colds, fevers, diarrhea, coughs, and scurvy. Also has astringent properties. Bark poultice used for treating bleeding wounds.

Notes
Tannins in the twigs and leaves are believed to be responsible for all medicinal effects. Hemlock leaves contain some vitamin C. Bark may also be useful for tanning leather.

Eastern Hemlock- Needles
Note the Upturned Needles on the Top of the Stem
Eastern Hemlock- Click for Full Image
Eastern Hemlock- Click for Full Image
Eastern Hemlock- Click for Full Image
Eastern Hemlock- Click for Full Image
Eastern Hemlock- Needles
Eastern Hemlock- Bottom of Needles
Note the Two White Stripes