All parts are toxic. See Notes.
3-15 meter (10-50ft) evergreen with scaly leaves that overlap. Fruits are berry-like and are hard, round, dry, and blue-green. Bark is reddish and peely. Leaves and fruit resemble Common Juniper (Juniperus communis).
Found in harsh soil and abandoned pastures. Ranges from Canada to Northern Georgia and Texas, west to Minnesota.
Uses and Parts Used
Fruit tea used for colds, worms, rheumatism, and coughs. Fruits can be chewed to treat canker sores.
Leaf smoke can be inhaled to treat colds, bronchitis, and rheumatism.
May contain anti-tumor compound podophyllotoxin. All parts may be toxic.