Small tree up to 14.6 meters (15ft) tall. Bark is greenish with vertical striping. Leaves typically have three lobes, are double-toothed, and are approximately 20.32cm (8in) wide. Flowers are small, green, and clustered. Flowers present in May and June. Keys are wide-set and present June through September.
Found in forests. Ranges from New England west to Michigan and south to mountainous regions of Tennessee and Georgia.
Uses and Parts Used
Inner bark brewed in tea for colds, coughs, bronchitis, kidney infections, and gonorrhea. Bark wash used for general swelling. Bark tea is also a fold remedy for minor skin problems like acne.
Leaf and twig tea used to induce nausea and as an emetic.
Bark from a related Asian species has experimentally shown an anti-inflammatory effect.