Oil from Sweet Birch is toxic. See Notes.
15.2-21.3 meter (50-70ft) deciduous tree with nonpeeling, often smooth, aromatic bark. Leaves are toothed, ovaloid, and approximately 6in long. Buds are hairless with strong wintergreen smell. Flowers are found in catkins in early spring.
Found in dense forest. Ranges from Quebec down east coast of United States to Alabama.
Uses and Parts Used
Bark tea used for fevers, stomachache, and lung ailments. Oil from bark used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties to treat rheumatism, gout, and bladder infection.
Oil from birch bark is now produced synthetically from menthol. Oil is easily absorbed through skin and is toxic.