Deciduous small tree reaching heights of up to 4.6 meters (15ft). Leaves are oblong with large, wavy teeth. Bases of leaves are uneven. Buds are distinctly scalpel-shaped. Flowers are yellow and arranged in clusters. Petals are very distinctive and thin. Flowers appear after leaves have dropped in September through December.
Found in forests. Ranges from Nova Scotia to Florida, west to Texas and Midwestern United States.
Uses and Parts Used
Leaf tea ingested for colds, sore throat, dysentery, cholera, cough, and asthma. Used externally as a wash for lameness and muscle pain.
Bark tea is an astringent and can be ingested for piles and eye ailments. Bark is used commercially in substances that treat hemorrhoids, skin irritation, and minor pain.
Approved in the United States as an over-the-counter drug for its analgesic and anti-itch properties. Approved in Germany for treatment of burns, dermatitis, piles, skin injuries, and varicose veins.