White Fir

Abies concolor


White fir is an ornamental tree native to the western United States. Young trees are strongly conical in shape, like the Balsam fir, but older trees develop a rounded top. This specimen was found in the botanical garden at Bridgewater State College in Bridgewater, MA.
White fir needles are the longest of all the firs (~2" (5cm) long) and have a whitish-blue powdery cast. Needles are flattened with two white lines running the length of the underside. Crushed needles smell strongly of tangerine.
Young White fir bark is similar to the bark of the Balsam fir in that it is smooth and covered with resin filled blisters. The bark is light colored and has large triangle shapes where branches come off the trunk (chevrons). Older bark is thicker and darker with deep furrows.


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